A Tale of Two Mats: technology and transformation. The ways in which new technologies are transforming the worldviews and lifestyles of Pacific societies. Pacific societies were changed early, and fundamentally, by a number of bureaucratic and production technologies but these were appropriated and controlled by leaders in Pacific societies. The impact of new technologies which are increasingly available and ever cheaper, are not as easily resisted or controlled. The lecture considered some recent examples of the impact of new technologies on the organisation of national and village society and explore their impacts.